Canada Post celebrates 100 years of radio in Canada with new stamp
OTTAWA -- It was 100 years ago tonight that the first radio program in Canada was broadcast between Montreal and Ottawa.
A concert in Montreal was successfully heard at Ottawa's Chateau Laurier on the evening of May 20, 1920. The broadcast featured the playing of some gramophone records and a performance by soprano Dorothy Lutton. According to news reports from the time, the broadcast was considered a success, though ambient sound from Montreal could also be heard.
"A large audience at the Chateau Laurier assembly hall tonight heard quite distinctly a gramophone played in Montreal and also Miss Lutton singing in that city, over 100 miles away by means of wireless telephony," reads a story in the Montreal Gazette, dated May 21, 1920.
"The experiment took place at 9.30 and by means of a magna vox, the voice of the distant singer was quite clearly heard in all parts of the hall. The magna vox however, not only accentuated the sounds coming from the telephone receiver, but also the ordinary noises of a city and for that reason at times the singing was slightly interrupted."
Still, a message was sent from the Chateau Laurier to the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company in Montreal that night to say the concert was heard in Ottawa, and congratulations were offered.
To mark the occasion, Canada Post has released a commemorative stamp.
"To create a stamp depicting the earliest days of radio, for which there was little original imagery available, Canada Post assembled a team of experts from academia, communications museums and vintage radio clubs to ensure visual accuracy and an authentic back story," reads a statement from Canada Post.
The Montreal station that sent the first broadcast to Ottawa, known at the time as XWA (short for eXperimental Wireless Apparatus) later became known by the call letters CFCF, for "Canada's First, Canada's Finest" and began commercial broadcasting in 1922. The station operated as CFCF until 1991, when it became CICQ. In 1999, the station's call letters changed again to CINW. CINW ceased broadcasting the evening of January 29, 2010.
The historic CFCF call letters are now used by CTV Montreal.